Linux 7关闭防火墙方法

注:本文转载自cnblogs:一天学点的文章《/etc/rc.d/init.d/iptables: No such file or directory 错误原因》

RedHat Enterprise Linux 7关闭防火墙方法

在之前的版本中关闭防火墙等服务的命令是

 1 service iptables stop  2  3 /etc/init.d/iptables stop

在RHEL7中,其实没有这个服务

 1 [root@rhel7 ~]# cat /etc/redhat-release  2 Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release 7.0 (Maipo)  3 [root@rhel7 ~]# service iptables stop  4 Redirecting to /bin/systemctl stop  iptables.service  5 [root@rhel7 ~]# /etc/init.d/iptables stop  6 -bash: /etc/init.d/iptables: No such file or directory

原来在RHEL7开始,使用systemctl工具来管理服务程序,包括了service和chkconfig

复制代码
 1 [root@rhel7 ~]# systemctl list-unit-files|grep enabled  2 cups.path enabled  3 abrt-ccpp.service                           enabled  4 abrt-oops.service                           enabled  5 abrt-vmcore.service                         enabled  6 abrt-xorg.service                           enabled  7 abrtd.service                               enabled  8 accounts-daemon.service                     enabled  9 atd.service                                 enabled  10 auditd.service                              enabled  11 avahi-daemon.service                        enabled  12 bluetooth.service                           enabled  13 chronyd.service                             enabled  14 crond.service                               enabled  15 cups.service                                enabled  16 dbus-org.bluez.service                      enabled  17 dbus-org.fedoraproject.FirewallD1.service   enabled  18 dbus-org.freedesktop.Avahi.service          enabled  19 dbus-org.freedesktop.ModemManager1.service  enabled  20 dbus-org.freedesktop.NetworkManager.service enabled  21 dbus-org.freedesktop.nm-dispatcher.service  enabled  22 display-manager.service                     enabled  23 dmraid-activation.service                   enabled  24 firewalld.service                           enabled  25 firstboot-graphical.service                 enabled  26 gdm.service                                 enabled  27 getty@.service                              enabled  28 hypervkvpd.service                          enabled  29 hypervvssd.service                          enabled  30 irqbalance.service                          enabled  31 iscsi.service                               enabled  32 ksm.service                                 enabled  33 ksmtuned.service                            enabled  34 libstoragemgmt.service                      enabled  35 libvirtd.service                            enabled  36 lvm2-monitor.service                        enabled  37 mdmonitor.service                           enabled  38 microcode.service                           enabled  39 ModemManager.service                        enabled  40 multipathd.service                          enabled  41 NetworkManager-dispatcher.service           enabled  42 NetworkManager.service                      enabled  43 nfs-lock.service                            enabled  44 packagekit-offline-update.service           enabled  45 postfix.service                             enabled  46 rhsmcertd.service                           enabled  47 rngd.service                                enabled  48 rpcbind.service                             enabled  49 rsyslog.service                             enabled  50 rtkit-daemon.service                        enabled  51 smartd.service                              enabled  52 spice-vdagentd.service                      enabled  53 sshd.service                                enabled  54 sysstat.service                             enabled  55 systemd-readahead-collect.service           enabled  56 systemd-readahead-drop.service              enabled  57 systemd-readahead-replay.service            enabled  58 tuned.service                               enabled  59 vmtoolsd.service                            enabled  60 avahi-daemon.socket                         enabled  61 cups.socket                                 enabled  62 dm-event.socket                             enabled  63 iscsid.socket                               enabled  64 iscsiuio.socket                             enabled  65 lvm2-lvmetad.socket                         enabled  66 rpcbind.socket                              enabled  67 default.target                              enabled  68 graphical.target                            enabled  69 nfs.target                                  enabled  70 remote-fs.target                            enabled
复制代码



禁用防火墙

复制代码
 1 [root@rhel7 ~]# systemctl stop firewalld.service  2 [root@rhel7 ~]# systemctl disable firewalld.service  3 [root@rhel7 ~]# systemctl status firewalld.service  4 firewalld.service – firewalld – dynamic firewall daemon  5 Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/firewalld.service; disabled)  6 Active: inactive (dead)  7  8 Jul 29 22:25:43 rhel7 systemd[1]: Started firewalld – dynamic firewall daemon.  9 Jul 29 22:43:29 rhel7 systemd[1]: Stopping firewalld – dynamic firewall daemon…  10 Jul 29 22:43:29 rhel7 systemd[1]: Stopped firewalld – dynamic firewall daemon.  11 Jul 29 22:44:14 rhel7 systemd[1]: Stopped firewalld – dynamic firewall daemon.  12 Jul 29 22:44:15 rhel7 systemd[1]: Stopped firewalld – dynamic firewall daemon.  13 Jul 29 22:44:19 rhel7 systemd[1]: Starting firewalld – dynamic firewall daemon…  14 Jul 29 22:44:19 rhel7 systemd[1]: Started firewalld – dynamic firewall daemon.  15 Jul 29 22:44:21 rhel7 systemd[1]: Stopping firewalld – dynamic firewall daemon…  16 Jul 29 22:44:21 rhel7 systemd[1]: Stopped firewalld – dynamic firewall daemon.  17 Jul 29 22:44:32 rhel7 systemd[1]: Stopped firewalld – dynamic firewall daemon.
复制代码


复制代码
 1 启动一个服务:systemctl start firewalld.service  2 关闭一个服务:systemctl stop firewalld.service  3 重启一个服务:systemctl restart firewalld.service  4 显示一个服务的状态:systemctl status firewalld.service  5 在开机时启用一个服务:systemctl enable firewalld.service  6 在开机时禁用一个服务:systemctl disable firewalld.service  7 查看服务是否开机启动:systemctl is-enabled firewalld.service;echo $?  8 查看已启动的服务列表:systemctl list-unit-files|grep enabled
复制代码



批注:对于这个文章的提示,我不知道是没有得到操作要领还是怎么回事,反正标题的问题我没有得到解决。

image

说明:本文转自,用于学习交流分享,仅代表原文作者观点。如有侵权,请联系我们删除~